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Terpenes are aromatic compounds that are found in thousands of plant and citrus species, and are responsible for the various flavours and fragrances. Terpenes are a large and diverse class of organic compounds, produced by a variety of plants, particularly conifers. Some insects such as termites or swallowtail butterflies, excrete terpenes from their osmeteria. They are often strong smelling and thus may have had a protective function.
They are the major components of citrus rinds, pine resin, and of turpentine produced from resin. The name “terpene” is derived from the word “turpentine”. In addition to their roles as end products in many organisms, terpenes are major biosynthetic building blocks within nearly every living creature.
Terpenes and terpenoids are the primary constituents of the essential oils of many types of plants and flowers. Essential oils are used widely as natural flavor additives for food, as fragrances in perfumery, and in traditional & alternative medicines such as aromatherapy. Terpenes may be classified, by the number of isoprene units in a molecule. A prefix in the name indicates the number of terpene units needed to assemble the molecule.
Monoterpenes consist of two isoprene units and are derived from the molecular formula C10H16. Examples of monoterpenes are: d-Limonene, geraniol, limonene and terpineol.
Animals were not used to test the safety and efficacy of KleanTerpenes natural cleaning products
Petrochemicals are chemical products made from raw materials of petroleum. KleanTerpenes are natural 100% petrochemical free.
A sustainable product is something made from renewable resources, which means they can grow back and be harvested with minimal harm to the environment. Our goal with the entire line of KleanTerpenes is to use only materials that are renewable.
A. Once extracted, the Limonene contains a minimum of 95.0% Limonene. Then it is further purified by high vacuum distillation to produce high purity Limonene, which contains a minimum of 98.5% purity.
A. The other 3.5% to 5% is comprised of only naturally occurring constituents found in orange peels. Constituents may include α-Pinene, β-Pinene, Myrcene, Octanal, Linalool, δ-3-Carene, Decanal all of which are naturally occurring in all citrus peels.
A. The difference between Cold Pressed Orange Oil and Food Grade or High Purity Limonene is the level of processing, and ultimately, their Limonene content. During orange juice extraction, Orange oil is the first product extracted from the orange peel, then Food Grade and last High Purity Limonene are extracted from the Orange Oil.
Orange Oil is the oil contained in the peel and rind of oranges. It is expressed from the orange peel as orange juice is produced.
Limonene [a hydrocarbon monoterpene] is the primary constituent of Orange Oil. Other constituents found in orange oil include mono-terpenes such as α-thujene, α-pinene, camphene, 2,4-p-mentbadiene, sabinene, myrcene, Δ-3-carene, α-phellandrene, α-terpinene, Δ-3-terpinene, p-cymene, and terpinolene. Sesquiterpenes such as α-copaene, α-ylangene, β-copaene, β-elemene, caryophyllene, β-ylangene, farnesene, α- and β-humulene, valencene, and Δ-cadinene are also naturally occurring. In addition, Orange Oil contains natural alcohols and aldehydes octonal & octonol.
Once orange oil has been extracted from the rind, Limonene is separated from sesquiterpenes, other monoterpenes, and is purified by high vacuum distillation to produce Food Grade Limonene. It is further purified to produce High Purity Limonene. The resulting product is crystal clear, wax free, and naturally effective.
Food Grade and High Purity Orange Terpenes contain Limonene (95%-99%), α-Pinene, β-Pinene, Myrcene, Octanal, Linalool, δ-3-Carene, & Decanal.
Gas chromatography “GC”, is a common type of chromatography used in analytical chemistry for separating and analyzing compounds that can be vaporized without decomposition. Typical uses of GC include testing the purity of a particular substance, or separating the different components of a mixture. The relative amounts of such components can also be determined using Mass Spectrography.