A cannabinoid is one of a class of diverse chemical compounds that act on cannabinoid receptors in cells that repress neurotransmitter release in the human brain.
Beta-Caryophyllene is also a terpene. Terpenes are the cannabinoid-like chemicals that give herbs such a pungent aroma. They are powerful building blocks within the plant’s structure that assist in producing hormones, vitamins and resins for the plant.
Terpenes are produced in secretory cells within the plant, the tiny resinous stalks that cover the flowers and sometimes leaves. Cannabinoids like cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) are also created here. There are about 20,000 terpenes that exist in nature.
Beta-Caryophyllene, also known as BCP, is a common constituent of the essential oils of numerous spice and food plants and a major component in Cannabis.Beta-Caryophylene is often categorized as a cannabinoid, not a terpene, because of how it binds to CB2 cannabinoid receptors.
Because BCP is not exclusive to cannabis and has been approved by the FDA as a food additive, it is fully legal.
Beta-Caryophyllene can be found in the essential oils of a variety of plants including rosemary, clove, oregano, cinnamon, black pepper, hops, and cannabis. Like most terpenes, Beta-Caryophyllene contributes to the unique aroma associated with plant oils.
Beta-Caryophyllene is considered a dietary cannabinoid. A cannabinoid is a substance that modulates our endocannabinoid receptor system. So then, Beta-Caryophyllene can have an impact on this receptor system that has been shown to be a key regulatory system for many of our body’s functions.
Activation of this system on our cannabinoid receptors, has been shown to provide health benefits These receptors are located in the human brain and throughout the central and peripheral nervous systems. The endocannabinoid system is involved in a variety of physiological processes including mood, appetite, memory, pain sensation and in mediating the psychoactive effects of cannabis.
Beta-Caryophyllene’s close cousins are also very beneficial terpenes called Pinene and Limonene. Beta-Caryophyllene has been shown to exhibit anti-inflammatory effects. Every chronic disease is an inflammatory disease. Chronic inflammation plays a key role in the development of the various degenerative diseases that are so prevalent in today's society, including: allergies, Alzheimer’s, asthma, arthritis, autoimmune diseases, bursitis, cancer, colitis, cystitis, diabetes, gastritis, heart disease, hepatitis, infections, myocarditis, osteoporosis, prostatitis, sinusitis and tendonitis.
Beta-Caryophyllene is non-toxic and often used as a food additive. It has a very pleasant smell and is found in many frequently used spices. Some of the excellent benefits include anti-bacterial, anti-inflammatory, and anti-cancer properties.
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Humulene, also known as α-humulene or α-caryophyllene, has a unique earthy and woody fragrance. It is a naturally occurring terpene. Terpenes are a group of fragrant essential oils found in all plants.